Blood plasma self-separation technologies during the self-driven flow in microfluidic platforms

Yudong Wang, Bharath Babu Nunna, Niladri Talukder, Ernst Emmanuel Etienne, Eon Soo Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Blood plasma is the most commonly used biofluid in disease diagnostic and biomedical analysis due to it contains various biomarkers. The majority of the blood plasma separation is still handled with centrifugation, which is off-chip and time-consuming. Therefore, in the Lab-on-a-chip (LOC) field, an effective microfluidic blood plasma separation platform attracts researchers’ attention globally. Blood plasma self-separation technologies are usually divided into two categories: active self-separation and passive self-separation. Passive self-separation technologies, in contrast with active self-separation, only rely on microchannel geometry, microfluidic phenomena and hydrodynamic forces. Passive self-separation devices are driven by the capillary flow, which is generated due to the characteristics of the surface of the channel and its interaction with the fluid. Comparing to the active plasma separation techniques, passive plasma separation methods are more considered in the microfluidic platform, owing to their ease of fabrication, portable, user-friendly features. We propose an extensive review of mechanisms of passive self-separation technologies and enumerate some experimental details and devices to exploit these effects. The performances, limitations and challenges of these technologies and devices are also compared and discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number94
JournalBioengineering
Volume8
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering

Keywords

  • Dean vortex
  • Hydrophilicity
  • Microfiltration
  • Microfluidics
  • Passive self-separation
  • Sedimentation

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