Bond behavior and interface modeling of reinforced high-performance fiber-reinforced cementitious composites

Matthew J. Bandelt, Timothy E. Frank, Michael D. Lepech, Sarah L. Billington

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations


High-performance fiber-reinforced cementitious-composites (HPFRCCs) reinforced with mild steel reinforcing bars have bond strengths that are higher than ordinary concrete under monotonic loading conditions. High bond strengths in HPFRCCs have been attributed to the material toughness of HPFRCCs, which effectively restrains splitting cracks under monotonic loads. Characterization of the interface between HPFRCCs and mild reinforcement under cyclic loads remains largely unknown. The bond-slip behavior of two HPFRCC mixtures are examined under monotonic and cyclic loads in beam-end flexural specimens. Bond strength is shown to deteriorate due to cyclic load reversals after the maximum bond stress is reached, resulting in lower bond-slip toughness. Three dimensional computational simulations are conducted to investigate observed crack patterns and internal deformations at the interface of the HPFRCC and steel reinforcement. Numerical simulation results predicted splitting crack patterns observed in physical experiments, and also suggest that interface crushing occurs at the intersection of the reinforcement lugs and HPFRCC material. Further, simulated performance shows that damage to the bond interface is altered by the deformation history applied to the interface.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)188-201
Number of pages14
JournalCement and Concrete Composites
StatePublished - Oct 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Building and Construction
  • General Materials Science


  • Bond-slip
  • Cyclic loads
  • Finite element modeling
  • High-performance fiber-reinforced cementitious composites


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