In this study, the synthesis of p -type ZnO films with similar bandgaps but varying carrier concentrations through codoping of Cu and Ga is reported. The ZnO:(Cu,Ga) films are synthesized by rf magnetron sputtering in O2 gas ambient at room temperature, followed by postdeposition annealing at 500 °C in air for 2 h. The bandgap reduction and p -type conductivity are caused by the incorporation of Cu. The tuning of carrier concentration is realized by varying the Ga concentration. The carrier concentration tuning does not significantly change the bandgap and crystallinity. However, it can optimize the carrier concentration to significantly enhance the photoelectrochemical response for bandgap-reduced p -type ZnO thin films.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)