Central Pattern Generators

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Central pattern generators are neural circuits that can produce rhythmic network activity in the absence of timing cues from sensory feedback or descending pathways. This activity underlies behaviors such as locomotion and breathing. A variety of invertebrate and vertebrate preparations have provided insights into how rhythmic motor patterns are generated at the cellular and circuit level; how they are controlled by higher centers, sensory feedback, and neuromodulatory input; and how networks are coordinated to yield different behaviors. This work has elucidated a number of general principles governing network function and dynamics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Neuroscience
PublisherElsevier Ltd
Pages691-700
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9780080450469
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)

Keywords

  • Bursting neuron
  • Circuit dynamics
  • Command neuron
  • Fictive motor pattern
  • Intrinsic membrane properties
  • Locomotion
  • Motor behavior
  • Nervous system development
  • Neuromodulation
  • Oscillation
  • Respiration
  • Rhythm generation
  • Sensory feedback
  • Synapse

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