Chapter 3: Green nanomaterials preparation: Sustainable methods and approaches

Xiaoyang Xu, Qian Lyu, Joshua Bader, Meagan Accordino

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Photo-active nanomaterials are extensively used in the degradation of organic pollutants and in splitting water to produce energy. Current methods to produce photo-active nanomaterials generate toxic waste and require large amounts of energy to synthesize. The advent of green, facile, and benign methods of producing these nanomaterials is necessary to comply with modern environmental concerns. Important aspects for such green methods is low temperature, fast reaction rate, and reduced toxic agents. This chapter highlights new techniques to produce photo-active nanomaterials in order to minimize the use and generation of hazardous substances during the manufacturing process. Methods include hydrothermal methods, along with the polymer-gel technique, chemical precipitation technique, the solvothermal method, ultrasound sonication, and hybrid synthesis methods. Characterization techniques used to verify the successful synthesis of these photo-active nanomaterials and demonstrate improvement of their photoactivity will also be introduced.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMicrowave-Assisted Polymerization
EditorsNurxat Nuraje, Ramazan Asmatulu, Guido Mul
PublisherRoyal Society of Chemistry
Number of pages30
ISBN (Electronic)9781782620396, 9781782621133, 9781782621409, 9781782623175, 9781782624677, 9781849738163, 9781849739597, 9781849739764, 9781849739795
StatePublished - 2016

Publication series

NameRSC Green Chemistry
ISSN (Print)1757-7039
ISSN (Electronic)1757-7047

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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