Charge injection capacity of TiN electrodes for an extended voltage range.

Mustafa Patan, Tosha Shah, Mesut Sahin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Many applications of neural stimulation demand a high current density from the electrodes used for stimulus delivery. New materials have been searched that can provide such large current and charge densities where the traditional noble metal and capacitor electrodes are inadequate. Titanium nitride, which has been used in cardiac pacemaker leads for many years, is one of these materials recently considered for neural stimulation. In this short report, we investigated the charge injection capacity of TiN electrodes for an extended range of cathodic voltages. The injected charge increased first slowly as a function of the electrode voltage, and then at a faster rate beyond -1.6 V. The maximum charge was 4.45 mC/cm(2) (n=6) for a cathodic voltage peak of -3.0 V and a bias voltage of -0.8 V. There was no evidence of bubble generation under microscopic observation. The unrecoverable charges remained under 7% of the total injected charge for the largest cathodic voltage tested. These large values of charge injection capacity and relatively small unrecoverable charges warrant further investigation of the charge injection mechanism in TiN interfaces at this extended range of electrode voltages.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Health Informatics


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