Chlorocarbon-Induced Incomplete Combustion In A Jet-Stirred Reactor

J. Brouwer, J. P. Longwell, A. F. Sarofim, R. B. Barat, J. W. Bozzelli

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22 Scopus citations

Abstract

The chemistry leading to products of incomplete combustion, as affected by chlorocarbons, was studied by modeling data from a jet-stirred reactor. verifield experimentally to be at nearly perfectly-stirred conditions. Premixed, fuel-rich mixtures of C2H4, CH3Cl, and air were burned in a toroidal jet-stirred combustor. Instantaneous measurements of local temperature were obtained using laser Rayleigh scattering, and extractive probe sampling followed by gas chromatography was used to determine concentrations of stable species. Reactor temperature, and equivalence ratio (É) were held constant, while the chlorine content was varied by modifying the C2H4, CH3C1, and diluent N2flows. The instantaneous temperature measurements showed that the reactor remains nearly perfectly-stirred, even to the point of blowout. A perfectly stirred reactor (PSR) model indicated that the principal effect of chlorine addition was that of inhibiting the burnout of CO to CO2, consistent with the experimental observation of increasing CO/CO2ratio with increasing chlorine content. Burnout of CO was inhibited by depletion of OH in the presence of HCl by the reaction OH + HC1 => H20 + Cl. In addition, consumption of fuel and initial intermediates was dominated by H abstraction reactions with Cl producing HCl. The HCl subsequently reacts with OH, H, and O radicals to produce Cl which reacts with the fuel but does not substantially participate in oxygen decomposition or subsequent reactions leading to final products. The depletion of OH, H, and O by reaction with HCl thus results in increased levels of intermediate hydrocarbons, oxygen and CO.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)87-100
Number of pages14
JournalCombustion Science and Technology
Volume85
Issue number1-6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 1992

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Keywords

  • Chlorinated hydrocarbon
  • inhibition
  • mechanism
  • stability
  • stirred-reactor

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