Chrome steel from chromium ore processing residue

Wiwat Kamolpornwijit, Jay N. Meegoda

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


In Hudson County, New Jersey, there are more than two million tons of leftover chromite ore processing residues (COPR). Part of COPR was used as construction fill materials spreading the problem to a larger area. High solubility of some chromate compounds along with their toxicity is threatening the environment as well as the human health. The primary objective of this manuscript is to demonstrate an efficient and optimum way to recover chromium and iron from COPR in the production of chrome steel or stainless steel. In this research, COPR was thermally treated to recover iron together with chromium. The research applied techniques used in steel manufacturing to extract metallic iron and chromium from COPR. An extensive experimental program was performed using a Thermo-Gravimetric Analyzer (TGA) to thermally treat chromium contaminated soils with additives at different temperatures and under different reducing environments. The optimum chemical composition of soil and additives to be used in the melts was evaluated based upon the thermodynamic properties of the mixture to ensure good phase separation, least amounts of iron and chromium oxides in the slag and minimum variability of final product (steel or iron with chromium). The impact of other oxides on the steel making process was evaluated to minimize the adverse impact on the process. The research demonstrated the feasibility of the proposed process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationGeo-Frontiers 2011
Subtitle of host publicationAdvances in Geotechnical Engineering - Proceedings of the Geo-Frontiers 2011 Conference
Number of pages10
Edition211 GSP
StatePublished - 2011
EventGeo-Frontiers 2011: Advances in Geotechnical Engineering - Dallas, TX, United States
Duration: Mar 13 2011Mar 16 2011

Publication series

NameGeotechnical Special Publication
Number211 GSP
ISSN (Print)0895-0563


OtherGeo-Frontiers 2011: Advances in Geotechnical Engineering
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityDallas, TX

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Building and Construction
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology


  • Chromium
  • New Jersey
  • Waste management


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