Coalescence-induced jumping of immersed and suspended droplets on microstructured substrates

Samaneh Farokhirad, Mahmood Mohammadi Shad, Taehun Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


The coalescence-induced jumping of liquid droplets on superhydrophobic structured substrates is investigated numerically using a three-dimensional multiphase lattice Boltzmann method. The numerical experiments on evolution of droplets during jumping process show higher jumping velocity and height from superhydrophobic substrates structured with a periodic array of square pillars, than flat superhydrophobic substrates with an equilibrium contact angle of 180◦. The results further reveal a strong effect of pillars on the vertical jumping velocity and the final quasi-equilibrium height of the merged droplet as a function of air and liquid viscosity, as well as air inertia. As for substrate wettability, it is found that, compared to the flat superhydrophobic substrate, the critical contact angle where the merged droplet jumps away from substrate is reduced for pillared substrate and is about 120◦. It is also observed that the droplet initial placement on a substrate with a square array of pillars has an important effect on the spontaneous jumping of the coalesced droplet, and a Wenzel–Cassie wetting transition upon coalescence is observed for droplets that are initially immersed within the pillars.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)205-223
Number of pages19
JournalEuropean Journal of Computational Mechanics
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Mar 4 2017
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


  • Lattice Boltzmann method
  • Wenzel–Cassie wetting
  • droplet coalescence
  • self-propelled jumping
  • structured superhydrophobic substrate


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