Commission 12: Solar radiation & structure

Thomas J. Bogdan, Valentin Martínez Pillet, M. Asplund, J. Christensen-Dalsgaard, G. Cauzzi, L. E. Cram, D. Dravins, W. Gan, P. Henzl, A. Kosovichev, J. T. Mariska, M. G. Rovira, P. Venkatakrishnan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Commission 12 covers research on the internal structure and dynamics of the Sun, the "quiet" solar atmosphere, solar radiation and its variability, and the nature of relatively stable magnetic structures like sunspots, faculae and the magnetic network. There is considerable productive overlap with the other Commissions of Division II as investigations move progressively toward the fertile intellectual boundaries between traditional research disciplines. In large part, the solar magnetic field provides the linkage that connects these diverse themes. The same magnetic field that produces the more subtle variations of solar structure and radiative output over the 11 yr activity cycle is also implicated in rapid and often violent phenomena such as flares, coronal mass ejections, prominence eruptions, and episodes of sporadic magnetic reconnection. The last three years have again brought significant progress in nearly all the research endeavors touched upon by the interests of Commission 12. The underlying causes for this success remain the same: sustained advances in computing capabilities coupled with diverse observations with increasing levels of spatial, temporal and spectral resolution. It is all but impossible to deal with these many advances here in anything except a cursory and selective fashion. Thankfully, the Living Reviews in Solar Physics has published several extensive reviews over the last two years that deal explicitly with issues relevant to the purview of Commission 12. The reader who is eager for a deeper and more complete understanding of some of these advances is directed to for access to these articles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-102
Number of pages14
JournalProceedings of the International Astronomical Union
Issue numberT26A
StatePublished - Dec 2005
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


  • (Sun:) solar wind
  • (Sun:) sunspots
  • Sun: abundances
  • Sun: atmosphere
  • Sun: chromosphere
  • Sun: corona
  • Sun: evolution
  • Sun: hleioseismology
  • Sun: magnetic fields
  • Sun: oscillations


Dive into the research topics of 'Commission 12: Solar radiation & structure'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this