Community-Based Dandelion Algorithm-Enabled Feature Selection and Broad Learning System for Traffic Flow Prediction

Xiaojing Liu, Xiaolin Qin, Meng Chu Zhou, Hao Sun, Shoufei Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


In an intelligent transportation system, accurate traffic flow prediction can provide significant help for travel planning. Even though some methods are proposed to do so, they focus on either algorithm or data level studies. This work focuses on both by proposing a Community-based dandelion algorithm-enabled Feature selection and Broad learning system (CFB). Specifically, a feature selection method is adopted to choose suitable features aiming to avoid redundant ones affecting prediction accuracy, and a neural network-based learning algorithm, namely a Broad Learning System (BLS), is used to predict traffic flow. In order to further boost its prediction performance, a Community-based Dandelion Algorithm (CDA) is proposed by considering an individual and its multiple offspring as a community and adopting a learning strategy for different communities. The proposed CDA is used to a) choose the suitable features as a feature selection method; and b) optimize the parameters and network structure of BLS. CDA's superiority over its competitive peers is first verified on CEC2013's benchmark functions, and then the proposed CFB is applied to handle the traffic flow prediction problems. The results indicate that it can improve the prediction accuracy by 5%-16% compared to the updated traffic flow prediction methods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2508-2521
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Automotive Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications


  • Traffic flow prediction
  • broad learning system
  • dandelion algorithm
  • feature selection
  • network structure


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