Comparison of CdS thin films on different flexible substrates before and after annealing

Jiaming Cong, Yongqiang Pan, Yunhua Wu, Chuanjun Zhang, Shanli Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The CdS thin films were prepared on Flexible PI, AZO and ITO substrates by r.f. magnetron sputtering technique, and annealed at 380°C in CdCl2 and dry air. The morphology, structure and optical properties of all samples were characterized by the scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy. The results show that the microstructures of all the CdS thin films dependent on the type of substrate by as-deposited and annealed CdS thin films on different substrates, grain recrystallizes, grain size increases significantly and no longer depend on the substrate type. The entire prepared CdS thin films show a mixed phase structure of cubic and hexagonal. After annealing, the proportion of hexagonal phase is increased, the crystallization quality of CdS thin film is improved. The optical transmittance changes obviously after annealing, among them, the optical transmittance of CdS thin film on flexible AZO substrate is over 80%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1235-1239
Number of pages5
JournalHongwai yu Jiguang Gongcheng/Infrared and Laser Engineering
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2014
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • Annealing
  • CdS film
  • Flexible substrate
  • Magnetron sputtering


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