3D bioprinting technology is evolving in complexity to enable human-scale, high-resolution, and multi-cellular constructs to better mimic the native tissue microenvironment. The ultimate goal is to achieve necessary complexity in the bioprinting process to biomanufacture fully-functional tissues and organs to address organ shortage and lack of patient-specific disease models. In this Review, we presented an in-depth overview of complex 3D bioprinting approaches including evolution of complex bioprinting, from simple gel-casting approach to multi-material bioprinting to omnidirectional bioprinting approaches, and emerging bioprinting approaches, including 4D bioprinting and in situ bioprinting technologies.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering