Complex-temperature singularities in Potts models on the square lattice

Victor Matveev, Robert Shrock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


We report some results on the complex-temperature (CT) singularities of [Formula Presented]-state Potts models on the square lattice. We concentrate on the problematic region [Formula Presented] (where [Formula Presented]) in which CT zeros of the partition function are sensitive to finite lattice artifacts. From analyses of low-temperature series expansions for [Formula Presented], we establish the existence, in this region, of complex-conjugate CT singularities at which the magnetization and susceptibility diverge. From calculations of zeros of the partition function, we obtain evidence consistent with the inference that these singularities occur at endpoints [Formula Presented],[Formula Presented] of arcs protruding into the (complex-temperature extension of the) ferromagnetic phase. Exponents for these singularities are determined; e.g., for [Formula Presented], we find [Formula Presented], consistent with [Formula Presented]. By duality, these results also imply associated arcs extending into the (CT extension of the) symmetric paramagnetic phase. Analytic expressions are suggested for the positions of some of these singularities; e.g., for [Formula Presented], our finding is consistent with the exact value [Formula Presented], [Formula Presented]. Further discussions of complex-temperature phase diagrams are given.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6174-6185
Number of pages12
JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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