Considerations in disposal of phenolic waters

Dorairaja Raghu, Hsin Neng Hsieh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Concentrations of phenol in water as low as 1 mg/L make it unsafe for human use. Thus, the disposal of phenolic waters poses a major problem. In this paper, an actual case study of disposal phenolic waters from a producer gas plant in India is discussed. Several methods for the disposal of phenolic waters were considered. One of the options involved construction of an earthen embankment for storing slag and phenol. This pond will be located near a river. So a concern exists regarding river pollution. Details of this and the other options considered and the cost analyses are presented. All the relevant aspects of the methods to be considered, including the geotechnical, economical, and environment concerns that influenced the decision making process to arrive at a final solution to the problem, are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)277-285
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Studies
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 1987

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Ecology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Computers in Earth Sciences


  • Cost
  • permeability
  • phenolic waters
  • pollution
  • producer gas plant
  • slag


Dive into the research topics of 'Considerations in disposal of phenolic waters'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this