Contactless magnetic leadscrew: vibration control and resonance compensation

Timothy Chang, Bhaskar Dani, Zhiming Ji, Reggie Caudill

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


This work addresses the vibration control of a high precision positioning system. The system under consideration is a contactless drive where magnetic coupling is employed between a nut and a leadscrew to achieve a resolution of about 10 nanometers over a range of 10 cm. Due to the use of aerostatic suspension between the spindle, the nut, and the leadscrew, a number of resonances exist in this system. It was determined that the vibration of the nut is of the order of tens of microns and therefore requires active control. The dynamics are relatively difficult to control using conventional techniques due to limited actuator bandwidth and uncertainties in the resonant frequencies. This work develops a passband control scheme based on the Hilbert transform to generate the orthogonal components of the oscillating modes. The components are extracted using a neural network to enhance the robustness of the controller. Performance of the controller is evaluated under self-resonance, forced oscillation and transient response. Self-resonance is shown to be completely eliminated while for forced oscillation, the disturbance is shown to be attenuated. Stabilization time of the transient response is also significantly reduced, thereby confirming the vibration suppression capabilities of the controller.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2087-2091
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the American Control Conference
StatePublished - 2000
Event2000 American Control Conference - Chicago, IL, USA
Duration: Jun 28 2000Jun 30 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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