Electron overflow from the active region confines the AlGaNdeep-ultraviolet (UV) light-emitting diode (LED) performance. This paper proposes a novel approach to mitigate the electron leakage problem in AlGaN deep-UV LEDs using concave quantum barrier (QB) structures. The proposed QBs suppress the electron leakage by significantly reducing the electron mean free path that improves the electron capturing capability in the active region. Overall, such an engineered structure also enhances the hole injection into the active region, thereby enhancing the radiative recombination in the quantum wells. As a result, our study shows that the proposed structure exhibits an optical power of 9.16 m W at~284 nm wavelength, which is boosted by~40.5% compared to conventional AlGaNUV LED operating at 60 mA injection current.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Engineering (miscellaneous)
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering