In this article, the cooperative fault accommodation in formation flight of unmanned vehicles is investigated through a hierarchical framework. Three levels are envisaged, namely a low-level fault recovery (LLFR), a formation-level fault recovery (FLFR) and a high-level (HL). In the LLFR module, a recovery controller is designed by using an estimate of the actuator fault. A performance monitoring module is introduced at the HL hierarchy to identify a partially low-level (LL) recovered vehicle due to inaccuracy in the fault estimate which results in violating the error specification of the formation mission. The HL supervisor then activates the FLFR module to compensate for the performance degradations of the partially LL recovered vehicle at the expense of the other healthy vehicles. Both centralised and decentralised control approaches are developed for our proposed cooperative fault recovery technique. A robust H∞ controller is designed in which the parameters of the controller are adjusted to accommodate for the partially LL-recovered vehicle by enforcing that the other healthy vehicles allocate more control effort to compensate for the performance degradations of the faulty vehicle. Numerical simulations for a formation flight of five satellites are provided in the deep space, which do indeed confirm the validity and effectiveness of our proposed analytical work.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Computer Science Applications
- cooperative fault accommodation
- distributed control
- formation flight
- unmanned vehicles