Coronal Mass Ejections and the Index of Effective Solar Multipole

V. N. Obridko, E. V. Ivanov, A. Özgüç, A. Kilcik, Vasyl Yurchyshyn

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15 Scopus citations


The paper considers the relationship between the cyclic variations in the velocity of coronal mass ejections (CME) and the large-scale magnetic field structure (LSMF) in cycles 21 - 23. To characterize a typical size of the LSMF structure, we have used the index of the effective solar multipole (ESMI). The cyclic behavior of the CME occurrence rate and velocity proved to be similar to that of ESMI. The hysteresis observed in variations of the CME maximum velocity is interpreted as a manifestation of different contributions from the two field structures (local and global magnetic fields) in different phases of the 11-year activity cycle. It is suggested that cyclic variations in the maximum velocity of coronal mass ejections are due to different conditions for the formation of the complexes of active regions connected by coronal arch systems, which are the main source of high-velocity CMEs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)779-792
Number of pages14
JournalSolar Physics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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