Cytochrome P450 BM-3 from Bacillus megaterium catalyzes the subterminal hydroxylation of medium- and long-chain fatty acids at the ω-1, ω-2, and ω-3 positions. A continuous spectrophotometric assay for P450 BM-3 based on the conversion of p-nitrophenoxycarboxylic acids (pNCA) to ω-oxycarboxylic acids and the chromophore p-nitrophenolate was reported recently. However, this pNCA assay procedure contained steps that limited its application in high throughput screening, including expression of P450 BM-3 variant F87A in 4-ml cultures, centrifugation, resuspension of the cell pellet, and cell lysis. We have shown that permeabilization of the outer membrane of Escherichia coli DH5α with polymyxin B sulfate, EDTA, polyethylenimine, or sodium hexametaphosphate results in rapid conversion of 12-pNCA. A NADPH-generating system consisting of NADP+, D/L-isocitric acid, and the D/L-isocitrate dehydrogenase of E. coli DH5α reduced the cofactor expense more than 10-fold. By avoiding cell lysis, resuspension, and centrifugation, the high throughput protocol allows screening of thousands of samples per day.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Molecular Medicine
- Drug Discovery