Crystal field excitations in the Raman spectra of Fe Se1 - x

Z. Qin, C. Zhang, S. O'Malley, K. Lo, T. Zhou, S. W. Cheong

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15 Scopus citations


Raman spectra of polycrystalline Fe Se1 - x (x ∼ 0.03) with a superconducting transition temperature of 9 K have been measured from room temperature down to 5 K. A mode at about 185 cm- 1 is observed throughout the whole temperature range. It is assigned as the B1 g phonon mode. This phonon mode hardens with decreasing temperature, but undergoes no noticeable change across both the structural phase transition and the superconducting transition, similar to the Raman phonon modes observed in the 1111 and 122 systems. Surprisingly, we also observed several additional Raman modes between 200 and 700 cm-1, which we assigned as due to the crystal field excitations of the 3d electrons in Fe2 + ions. These modes undergo abrupt change near the structural phase transition around 100 K, but do not exhibit much change across the superconducting transition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)768-771
Number of pages4
JournalSolid State Communications
Issue number15-16
StatePublished - Apr 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry


  • A. Superconductors
  • D. Crystal field excitations
  • E. Raman scattering


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