In order to address many of the challenges and bottlenecks currently experienced by traditional charge-based technologies, various alternatives are being actively explored to provide potential solutions of device miniaturization and scaling in the post-Moore's-law era. Amongst these alternatives, spintronic physics and devices have recently attracted rapidly increasing interest by exploiting the additional degree of electrons-spin. For example, magnetic domain-wall racetrack-memory and logic devices have been realized via manipulating domain-wall motion. As compared to domain-wall-based devices, magnetic skyrmions have the advantages of ultrasmall size (typically 5-100 nm in diameter), facile current-driven motion, topological stability, and peculiar emergent electrodynamics, promising for next-generation electronics applications in the post-Moore's-law regime. Here, a magnetic meron device, which behaves similarly to a PN-junction diode, is demonstrated for the first time, by tailoring the current-controlled unidirectional motion of edge-merons (i.e., fractional skyrmions) in a nanotrack with interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction. The working principles of the meron device, theoretically predicted from the Thiele equation for topological magnetic objects, are further verified using micromagnetic simulations. The present study has revealed the topology-independent transport property of different magnetic objects and is expected to open the vista toward integrated composite circuitry (with unified data storage and processing) based on a single magnetic chip, as the meron device can be used, either as a building block to develop complex logic components or as a signal controller to interconnect skyrmion, domain-wall, and even spin-wave devices.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Physics and Astronomy