Cyclostationarity-based doppler spread estimation in mobile fading channels

Hong Zhang, Ali Abdi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


The Doppler spread, or equivalently, the mobile speed, is a measure of the spectral dispersion of mobile fading channel. Accurate estimation of the mobile speed is of importance in wireless mobile applications which require the knowledge of the rate of channel variations. This paper exploits the inherent cyclostationarity of linearly modulated signals, transmitted through fading channels, to design robust blind and data-aided mobile speed estimators. Two categories of cyclic-correlationand cyclic-spectrum-based methods are developed. Extension to space-time speed estimation at the base station in macrocells is also provided. In comparison with the existing methods, the new estimators can be used without any need for pilot tones, and are robust to additive stationary noise or interference of any color or distribution. Unlike the conventional multi-antenna based method, the proposed space-time speed estimator does not assume the receiver noise to be spatially white. We also devised a suboptimal training sequence for pilot-symbol assisted methods, to reduce the estimation error. The performances of the proposed estimators are illustrated via extensive Monte Carlo simulations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1061-1067
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • Cyclic correlation
  • Cyclic spectrum
  • Cyclostationary
  • Doppler estimation
  • Doppler spectrum
  • Macrocell
  • Multipath channels
  • Multiple antennas
  • Velocity estimation fading channels


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