Deadlock and liveness characterization for a class of generalized Petri nets

Miao Liu, Shou Guang Wang, Meng Chu Zhou, Ding Liu, Abdulrahman Al-Ahmari, Ting Qu, Nai Qi Wu, Zhi Wu Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Petri nets (PNs) are widely adopted for modeling flexible manufacturing systems (FMSs) since they are an effective tool for analyzing the latter's dynamic behavior and synthesizing a supervisory controller to make a system deadlock-free. As an important subclass of PNs, the weighted system of simple sequential processes with resources (WS3PR) can be used to model many FMSs well. Based on the initial marking and structural properties of a WS3PR without using marking enumeration and state equations, this paper presents a method to check its liveness. We first define two classes of transitions for a resource subnet of WS3PR, based on which, the relationship between markings and strongly connected resource subnets (SCRSs) is analyzed. Next, functions used to check the liveness of a given WS3PR are developed, which take the full advantage of SCRS trees and WS3PR structure. It is shown that, by the proposed method, the computational complexity for a subclass of WS3PR named k-sharing bounded WS3PR is polynomial. Sufficient conditions to check liveness of a WS3PR are finally established. Two examples are used to illustrate the results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)403-416
Number of pages14
JournalInformation sciences
StatePublished - Dec 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Information Systems and Management
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications


  • Deadlock
  • Flexible manufacturing system
  • Liveness
  • Petri net


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