Decolorization of anthraquinone, triphenylmethane and azo dyes by a new isolated Bacillus cereus strain DC11

Daiyong Deng, Jun Guo, Guoqu Zeng, Guoping Sun

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144 Scopus citations


In this study, we isolated and characterized a new strain of Bacillus cereus, DC11, capable of decolorizing a broad-spectrum of dyes. Parameters including pH, temperature, oxygen concentration and carbon source were used to comparatively study the decolorizing effects on anthraquinone, triphenylmethane, and azo dyes, respectively. High decolorization efficiency (95-98%) was achieved within 6 h of incubation for 100 μM Acid Blue 25 (anthraquinone dye), 4 h for 55 μM Malachite Green (triphenylmethane dye), and 2 h for 750 μM Basic Blue X-GRRL (azo dye) at 20-45 °C and neutral pH under anaerobic conditions. Decolorizing activities, which showed NADH/NADPH-dependent traits were limited to the soluble cytosolic fractions. Among the decolorized products, there was an intermediate metabolite after the degradation of Acid Blue 25 dye. Malachite Green was degraded into 4,4′-bis(dimethylamino)benzophenone and benzophenone, and the decolorization of Basic Blue X-GRRL was probably due to the reduction of the azo bonds. Our new isolated strain DC11 is the first reported Bacillus cereus strain which can efficiently decolorize all three main group dyes, and the converging parameters for the decolorization of three group dyes may be useful for bioremediation applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)263-269
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Biodeterioration and Biodegradation
Issue number3
StatePublished - Oct 2008
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology
  • Biomaterials
  • Waste Management and Disposal


  • Bacillus cereus strain DC11
  • Broad-spectrum
  • Comparative analysis
  • Decolorization and degradation


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