Deep Vascular Imaging in Wounds by Two-Photon Fluorescence Microscopy

Ciceron O. Yanez, Alma R. Morales, Xiling Yue, Takeo Urakami, Masanobu Komatsu, Tero A.H. Järvinen, Kevin D. Belfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Deep imaging within tissue (over 300 μm) at micrometer resolution has become possible with the advent of two-photon fluorescence microscopy (2PFM). The advantages of 2PFM have been used to interrogate endogenous and exogenous fluorophores in the skin. Herein, we employed the integrin (cell-adhesion proteins expressed by invading angiogenic blood vessels) targeting characteristics of a two-photon absorbing fluorescent probe to image new vasculature and fibroblasts up to ≈ 1600 μm within wound (neodermis)/granulation tissue in lesions made on the skin of mice. Reconstruction revealed three dimensional (3D) architecture of the vascular plexus forming at the regenerating wound tissue and the presence of a fibroblast bed surrounding the capillaries. Biologically crucial events, such as angiogenesis for wound healing, may be illustrated and analyzed in 3D on the whole organ level, providing novel tools for biomedical applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere67559
JournalPloS one
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2 2013
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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