Delay-Controlled Bidirectional Traffic Setup Scheme to Enhance the Network Coding Opportunity in Real-Time Industrial IoT Networks

Yunseong Lee, Taeyun Ha, Abdallah Khreishah, Wonjong Noh, Sungrae Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Recently, network coding has become a promising transmission approach to support high throughput and low latency in distributed multihop networks. In this article, we develop a delay-controlled distributed route establishment scheme that can provide maximal bidirectional transmission to enhance network coding gain while satisfying a time-critical route setup. The scheme is called network coding-aware delayed store and forwarding (NC-DSF). It delays the received route information packets before forwarding them according to the link status and network topology. We propose a tight delay function derived using a strict end-to-end delay bound for delay control. Subsequently, we suggest a relaxed delay function derived using realistic and practical conditions. Finally, we propose a load-weighted delay function considering the tradeoff between bidirectionality and network-load balancing. The simulations confirm that the proposed scheme offers increased throughput and decreased latency in mesh and random multihop networks. The proposed transmission scheme, NC-DSF, can be efficiently employed in the future industrial Internet of Things networks requiring a time-constrained route setup, high throughput, and low latency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10559-10574
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Internet of Things Journal
Issue number12
StatePublished - Jun 15 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Information Systems
  • Signal Processing
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Computer Science Applications


  • Bidirectional traffic setup
  • delay-controlled flooding
  • opportunistic network coding
  • real-time Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT)


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