Density estimation for grouped data with application to line transect sampling

Woncheol Jang, Ji Meng Loh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Line transect sampling is a method used to estimate wildlife populations, with the resulting data often grouped in intervals. Estimating the density from grouped data can be challenging. In this paper we propose a kernel density estimator of wildlife population density for such grouped data. Our method uses a combined cross-validation and smoothed bootstrap approach to select the optimal bandwidth for grouped data. Our simulation study shows that with the smoothing parameter selected with this method, the estimated density from grouped data matches the true density more closely than with other approaches. Using smoothed bootstrap, we also construct bias-adjusted confidence intervals for the value of the density at the boundary. We apply the proposed method to two grouped data sets, one from a wooden stake study where the true density is known, and the other from a survey of kangaroos in Australia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)893-915
Number of pages23
JournalAnnals of Applied Statistics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2010
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty


  • Bandwidth selection
  • Grouped data
  • Kernel density estimator
  • Line transect sampling
  • Smoothed bootstrap


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