Phase transitions of polymeric materials are accompanied by changes in density as a function of temperature. Being able to measure these changes in polymeric systems in one, two or three dimensions on the nanoscopic lengthscale is a challenge, but it would provide a simple route to assess phase transitions in nanoscopically confined systems. It is shown that the measurement of the dielectric permittivity in the high frequency limit (in spectral regions not affected by dielectric dispersions) offers an effective and very sensitive means to assess density fluctuations, and hence phase transitions, in nanoscopic systems. The sensitivity of this approach is demonstrated by assessing the phase transition behavior of ferroelectric polymer nanowires confined within alumina membranes. No significant shifts in the Curie transition are observed down to pore diameters as small as 15 nm.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Phase transitions