Detection and relief of upper airway obstruction in a dog model

D. M. Durand, M. Sahin, M. Haxhiu, P. B. Yoo

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

Electrical stimulation of upper airway (UAW) muscles has been proposed as a treatment method for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Particular emphasis has been placed on the stimulation of the hypoglossal nerve in order to activate the genioglossus muscle, the main tongue protrusor. In this paper, we first present evidence that a recording electrode placed on the hypoglossal nerve can detect the onset of the obstruction with a short delay. We also show that selective activation of the various muscles involved in controlling the upper airways can be achieved using the Flat Interface Nerve Electrode. The data demonstrate the feasibility of the closed-loop stimulation of the HG nerve using its activity as the feedback signal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1548-1549
Number of pages2
JournalAnnual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings
Volume2
StatePublished - Dec 1 2002
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the 2002 IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology 24th Annual Conference and the 2002 Fall Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society (BMES / EMBS) - Houston, TX, United States
Duration: Oct 23 2002Oct 26 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics

Keywords

  • Chronic nerve recording
  • Closed-loop functional electrical stimulation
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Sleep
  • Upper airway loading

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