Determination of the solar rotation parameters via orthogonal polynomials

T. G. Mdzinarishvili, B. M. Shergelashvili, D. R. Japaridze, B. B. Chargeishvili, A. G. Kosovichev, S. Poedts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Accurate measurements of the solar differential rotation parameters are necessary for understanding the solar dynamo mechanism. We use the orthogonalization process to estimate these parameters. The advantage of the orthogonalization of the data in the tracer motion statistical analysis is outlined. The differential rotation is represented in terms of various types of polynomials. We compare the quality of a set of models of the solar differential rotation using the Akaike information criterion and choose the best one. Applying the proposed method, we studied the solar differential rotation and its North-South asymmetry using observations of coronal holes. A statistical analysis of observations from the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) on Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) reveals the differential rotation pattern of coronal holes and its North-South asymmetry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1843-1851
Number of pages9
JournalAdvances in Space Research
Issue number7
StatePublished - Apr 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Geophysics
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


  • Solar coronal holes
  • Solar rotation
  • Statistical data analysis


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