Determination of the Sun's seismic radius from the SOHO michelson doppler imager

J. Schou, A. G. Kosovichev, P. R. Goode, W. A. Dziembowski

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Abstract

Dopplergrams from the Michelson Doppler Imager (MDI) instrument on board the SOHO spacecraft have been used to accurately measure frequencies of the Sun's fundamental (f) mode in the medium angular degree range, l = 88-250. The comparison of these frequencies with the corresponding frequencies of the standard solar models suggests that the apparent photospheric solar radius (695.99 Mm) used to calibrate the models should be reduced by approximately 0.3 Mm. The precise value of the seismologically determined solar radius depends on the description of the subsurface layer of superadiabatic convection. The discrepancy between the "seismic" and apparent photospheric radii is not explained by the known systematic errors in the helioseismic and photospheric measurements. If confirmed, this discrepancy represents an interesting new challenge to theories of solar convection and solar modeling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L197-L200
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume489
Issue number2 PART II
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Keywords

  • Sun: evolution
  • Sun: fundamental parameters
  • Sun: interior
  • Sun: oscillations

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