Determining the Optimal Location of Terror Response Facilities under the Risk of Disruption

Lingpeng Meng, Qi Kang, Chuanfeng Han, Mengchu Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


The highly strategic nature of terrorist attacks has often frustrated attempts at locating emergency response facilities. To better determine the optimal location of such facilities, we present a leader-follower game between State and Terrorist by considering facility failures. The first stage of the game allows State to make a facility location decision and facility assignment to the attacked city, while the second stage allows Terrorist to select one city to attack after observing the State's strategy. The game is translated into a minmaxmin problem, and a population-based heuristic algorithm is proposed to solve it. We evaluate the performance of both model and heuristic by using an emergency example. Our results indicate that the proposed algorithm is able to generate suitable facility location solutions, allowing us to deploy resources more efficiently during a terrorist attack to where they are needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7976359
Pages (from-to)476-486
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications


  • Location
  • Nash equilibrium
  • game theory
  • heuristic algorithm
  • particle swarm optimization
  • terrorism


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