Development of an offshore response guidance tool for determining the impact of SSDI on released gas and benzene from artificial subsea oil well blowout simulations

Scott A. Socolofsky, Inok Jun, Michel C. Boufadel, Ruixue Liu, Youyu Lu, J. Samuel Arey, Kelly M. McFarlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We present an analysis of 2225 simulations of artificial oil well blowouts in nearshore and offshore waters of Newfoundland, Canada. In the simulations, we coupled the VDROP-J and TAMOC models to simulate the fate and transport of oil and gas from the release to the sea surface. Simulations were conducted with and without subsea dispersant injection. We analyzed the simulation database to quantify the mass fraction of oil and gas that surfaces, the mass fraction of released benzene that surfaces, and the horizontal offset to the surfacing zone. These data are also synthesized to yield empirical correlations to predict these output metrics from key input parameters. These correlations are summarized in an excel spreadsheet that allows rapid evaluation of spill dynamics with minimal initial knowledge of spill details. We call this tool an offshore response guidance table, which allows exploration of spill dynamics under diverse spill and response options.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number114114
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Volume184
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Pollution

Keywords

  • Near field modeling
  • Offshore accidental oil well blowout
  • Offshore Newfoundland
  • Oil and gas
  • Oil spill
  • Subsea dispersant injection

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