Development of iodate-based high oxidation state cathode for aqueous battery system

Zhiqian Wang, Giuseppe L. Di Benedetto, James L. Zunino, Somenath Mitra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We present the synthesis of lead iodate (Pb(IO3)2) using precipitation reactions for the fabrication of cathodes. Pb(IO3)2-Zn reserve batteries are fabricated in 3D-printed battery casings. Pb(IO3)2-nano carbon composites show higher stability and more consistent performance than the mixtures of these compounds. The reaction products and cell performances are dependent on electrolytes and discharge rates. These primary batteries exhibit an output voltage around 1.6 V when acid-salt water dual electrolytes are used. At low discharge rates, the iodate gets reduced to I2, yet under high-rate discharge, PbI2 is produced. The cathode material Pb(IO3)2 hence demonstrates specific capacities between 416 and 550 mAh g−1. Only the IO3 takes part in the redox reactions and provides the capacity. Hence, Pb could be replaced with other metals, and the chemistry here could be applied to other insoluble iodate salts for environmental concerns and lower costs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number125070
JournalMaterials Chemistry and Physics
Volume273
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Keywords

  • 3D printing
  • Anion exchange membrane
  • Aqueous battery
  • Iodate

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