Disparity vergence responses before versus after repetitive vergence therapy in binocularly normal controls

Henry Talasan, Mitchell Scheiman, Xiaobo Li, Tara L. Alvarez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


This study sought to determine whether significant changes would be observed between vergence eye movements before and after 12 hr of repetitive vergence therapy (1 hr per day on different days) in subjects with normal binocular vision compared to controls. Disparity vergence responses from 23 subjects were studied. An assessment protocol that minimized the influence of the near dissociated phoria on the disparity vergence system was designed. The following parameters were quantified for the responses: latency, time to peak velocity, settling time, peak velocity, and accuracy (difference between the response and stimulus amplitudes). The following outcomes were observed when comparing the results after vergence therapy to the baseline measurements: (a) near point of convergence and near dissociated phoria did not significantly change (p > 0.15); (b) latency, time to peak velocity, and settling time significantly decreased (p ≤ 0.01); and (c) accuracy significantly improved (p < 0.01). Results support that vergence peak velocity is dependent on the subject's near dissociated phoria. The accuracy and temporal properties of vergence eye movement responses from subjects with normal binocular vision can be improved after vergence therapy. These methods can be utilized within future studies to quantitatively assess vergence therapy techniques for patients with binocular dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Vision
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems


  • Accuracy
  • Convergence
  • Divergence
  • Near dissociated phoria
  • Peak vergence velocity
  • Repetitive vergence therapy
  • Vision therapy


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