Dispersion of particles on liquid surfaces

Shriram B. Pillapakkam, Pushpendra Singh

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

In a recent study we have shown that when small particles, e.g., flour, pollen, glass, etc., contact an air-liquid interface, they disperse rapidly as if they were in an explosion. The rapid dispersion is due to the fact that the capillary force pulls particles into the interface causing them to accelerate to a large velocity. The vertical motion of a particle during its adsorption causes a radially-outward lateral (secondary) flow on the interface that causes nearby particles to move away. We present direct numerical simulation results for the adsorption of particles and show that the inertia of a particle plays an important role in its motion in the direction normal to a fluid-liquid interface. Although the importance of inertia diminishes with decreasing particle size, on an air-water interface the inertia continues to be important even when the size is as small as a few nanometers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationFluids and Thermal Systems; Advances for Process Industries
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
Pages243-248
Number of pages6
EditionPARTS A AND B
ISBN (Print)9780791854921
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011
EventASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2011 - Denver, CO, United States
Duration: Nov 11 2011Nov 17 2011

Publication series

NameASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2011
NumberPARTS A AND B
Volume6

Other

OtherASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2011
CountryUnited States
CityDenver, CO
Period11/11/1111/17/11

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering

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