In this paper, we design a new distributed angle estimation method for localization in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) under multipath propagation environment. We employ a two-antenna anchor that can emit two linear chirp waves simultaneously, and propose to estimate the angle of departure (AOD) of the emitted waves at each receiving node via frequency measurement of the local received signal strength indication (RSSI) signal. An improved estimation method is further proposed where multiple parallel arrays are adopted to provide the space diversity. The proposed methods rely only on radio transceivers and do not require frequency synchronization or precise time synchronization between the transceivers. More importantly, the angle is estimated at each sensor in a completely distributed manner. The performance analysis is derived and simulations are presented to corroborate the proposed studies.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Applied Mathematics
- Wireless sensor network
- angle of departure estimation
- multipath propagation