Distributed Energy-Spectrum Trading in Green Cognitive Radio Cellular Networks

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15 Scopus citations


Reducing the power consumption of base stations is crucial to enhancing the energy efficiency of cellular networks. As the number of mobile users increases exponentially, enhancing the spectrum efficiency is also critical in order to accommodate more users. In this paper, by exploiting the cooperation between secondary base stations (SBSs) and primary base stations (PBSs), we propose a new energy spectrum trading model to enhance the energy as well as spectrum efficiency of cellular networks. In our scheme, by leveraging cognitive radio, PBSs share some portion of their licensed spectrum with SBSs, and SBSs, in exchange, provide data service to the primary users under their coverage. We first prove that the power consumption minimization problem is NP-hard. Then, to decrease the computational complexity, we design an efficient distributed auction model including green energy aware bidding (GEAB) and adaptive bid selection (ABS) algorithms, to achieve a good approximation of the optimal solution in less time. Our simulation results show that the cooperation between PBS and SBSs via ABS and GEAB algorithms can significantly improve the energy and spectral efficiency of cellular networks by nearly doubling the number of offloaded users and reducing the PBS power consumption by up to 40% as compared to existing approaches. Furthermore, green energy utilization among SBSs is increased by nearly 25%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7912384
Pages (from-to)253-263
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Green Communications and Networking
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Computer Networks and Communications


  • Spectrum allocation
  • auction model
  • cognitive networks
  • energy efficiency
  • mobile association
  • mobile base stations


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