Does Nonaxisymmetric Dynamo Operate in the Sun?

V. V. Pipin, A. G. Kosovichev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

We explore effects of random nonaxisymmetric perturbations of kinetic helicity (the α effect) and diffusive decay of bipolar magnetic regions on generation and evolution of large-scale nonaxisymmetric magnetic fields on the Sun. Using a reduced 2D nonlinear mean-field dynamo model and assuming that bipolar regions emerge due to magnetic buoyancy in situ of the large-scale dynamo action, we show that fluctuations of the α effect can maintain the nonaxisymmetric magnetic fields through a solar-type α 2Ω dynamo process. It is found that diffusive decay of bipolar active regions is likely to be the primary source of nonaxisymmetric magnetic fields observed on the Sun. Our results show that nonaxisymmetric dynamo models with stochastic perturbations of the α effect can explain periods of extremely high activity ("super-cycle" events) as well as periods of deep decline of magnetic activity. We compare the models with synoptic observations of solar magnetic fields for the last four activity cycles and discuss implications of our results for interpretation of observations of stellar magnetic activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number145
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume867
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 10 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Keywords

  • Sun: activity
  • Sun: magnetic fields
  • dynamo
  • stars: activity
  • stars: magnetic field
  • stars: solar-type

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