Dynamic loads on human and animal surrogates at different test locations in compressed-gas-driven shock tubes

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Abstract

Dynamic loads on specimens in live-fire conditions as well as at different locations within and outside compressed-gas-driven shock tubes are determined by both static and total blast overpressure–time pressure pulses. The biomechanical loading on the specimen is determined by surface pressures that combine the effects of static, dynamic, and reflected pressures and specimen geometry. Surface pressure is both space and time dependent; it varies as a function of size, shape, and external contour of the specimens. In this work, we used two sets of specimens: (1) anthropometric dummy head and (2) a surrogate rodent headform instrumented with pressure sensors and subjected them to blast waves in the interior and at the exit of the shock tube. We demonstrate in this work that while inside the shock tube the biomechanical loading as determined by various pressure measures closely aligns with live-fire data and shock wave theory, significant deviations are found when tests are performed outside.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)51-62
Number of pages12
JournalShock Waves
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Keywords

  • End effect
  • Impulse
  • Overpressure
  • Peak overpressure
  • Shock tube
  • Shock wave
  • Static pressure
  • Surrogate head
  • Total pressure

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