The dynamics of a compound vesicle (a lipid bilayer membrane enclosing a fluid with a suspended particle) in shear flow is investigated by using both numerical simulations and theoretical analysis. We find that the nonlinear hydrodynamic interaction between the inclusion and the confining membrane gives rise to new features of the vesicle dynamics: The transition from tank treading to tumbling can occur in the absence of any viscosity mismatch, and a vesicle can swing if the enclosed particle is nonspherical. Our results highlight the complex effects of internal cellular structures have on cell dynamics in microcirculatory flows. For example, parasites in malaria-infected erythrocytes increase cytoplasmic viscosity, which leads to increase in blood viscosity.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)