Dynamics of spherical particles on a surface: Collision-induced sliding and other effects

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Abstract

We present a model for the motion of hard spherical particles on a two-dimensional surface. The model includes both the interaction between the particles via collisions and the interaction of the particles with the substrate. We analyze in detail the effects of sliding and rolling friction, which are usually overlooked. It is found that the properties of this particulate system are influenced significantly by the substrate-particle interactions. In particular, sliding of the particles relative to the substrate after a collision leads to considerable energy loss for common experimental conditions. The presented results provide a basis that can be used to realistically model the dynamical properties of the system, and provide further insight into density fluctuations and related phenomena of clustering and structure formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)751-770
Number of pages20
JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics
Volume60
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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