E-cadherin expression in postnatal schwann cells is regulated by the cAMP-dependent protein kinase a pathway

Audrita T. Crawford, Darshan Desai, Pradeepa Gokina, Sayantani Basak, Haesun A. Kim

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    24 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Expression of E-cadherin in the peripheral nervous system is a highly regulated process that appears postnatally in concert with the development of myelinating Schwann cell lineage. As a major component of autotypic junctions, Ecadherin plays an important role in maintaining the structural integrity of noncompact myelin regions. In vivo, the appearance of E-cadherin in postnatal Schwann cell is accompanied by the disappearance of N-cadherin, suggesting reciprocal regulation of the two cadherins during Schwann cell development. The molecular signal that regulates the cadherin switch in Schwann cell is unclear. Using a neuron-Schwann cell co-culture system, here we show that E-cadherin expression is induced by components on the axonal membrane. We also show that the axonal effect is mediated through cAMP-dependent protein kinase A (cAMP-PKA) activation in the Schwann cell: (1) inhibition of cAMP-PKA blocks axon-induced E-cadherin expression and (2) cAMP elevation in the Schwann cell is sufficient to induce E-cadherin expression. In addition, cAMP-dependent E-cadherin expression is promoted by contact between adjacent Schwann cell membranes, suggesting its role in autotypic junction formation during myelination. Furthermore, cAMP-induced E-cadherin expression is accompanied by suppression of N-cadherin expression. Therefore, we propose that axon-dependent activation of cAMP-PKA serves as a signal that promotes cadherin switch during postnatal development of Schwann cells.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1637-1647
    Number of pages11
    JournalGLIA
    Volume56
    Issue number15
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2008

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Neurology
    • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

    Keywords

    • Autotypic junction
    • Cadherin switch
    • N-cadherin

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'E-cadherin expression in postnatal schwann cells is regulated by the cAMP-dependent protein kinase a pathway'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this