Effect of AEE788 and/or Celecoxib on colon cancer cell morphology using advanced microscopic techniques

P. Venkatesan, Soumen Das, M. Muthu Rama Krishnan, Chandan Chakraborty, Koel Chaudhury, Mahitosh Mandal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Analysis of changes in cancer cell morphology and cytoskeletal element induced by external stimuli is focus of current cancer chemotherapeutic studies. Cancer cell cytoskeleton is complex network of interwoven protein fibers composed of microtubules, microfilaments and intermediate filaments. These interwoven protein fibers are responsible for maintaining cell morphology, movement, adhesion and transmembrane signal transmission. In this study, morphological and cytoskeletal changes induced by AEE788 and/or Celecoxib on colon cancer cell HCT 15 were analyzed using advanced microscopic techniques. Cell proliferation assay was used for determining IC50 of AEE788 and/or Celecoxib on HCT 15. Confocal microscopic analysis of AEE788 and/or Celecoxib treated HCT 15 was performed using Rhodamine-Phalloidin (actin stain) and Hoechst 33342 (nuclear stain). Atomic force (AFM) and scanning electron microscopic (SEM) studies were also performed to analyze cell morphology and cell wall extension (filopodia and lamellipodia). In addition, quantitative analysis of morphological parameters was studied using cellular image processing technique. This is the first report that combination of AEE788 and Celecoxib additively increase growth inhibition and cell death on human colon cancer cell HCT 15 as estimated by cell proliferation assay. Morphological analysis of AEE788 or Celecoxib treated HCT 15 cell for 24 h have not revealed significant change in morphology under phase contrast microscopy. But, slight morphological changes were observed in combination (AEE788 + Celecoxib) treated HCT 15 for 24 h. In contrast, high resolution confocal laser fluorescence and atomic force microscopic studies have revealed cell shrinkage, disorganized actin filament and, loss of filopodia and lamellipodia. These changes were more prominent in combination of AEE788 and Celecoxib treated HCT 15 than either drug alone. These results may suggest antiproliferative and antimetastatic activity of AEE788 and/or Celecoxib. Quantitative analysis of morphological parameters using cellular image processing technique have shown decrease in mean area, perimeter, compactness and eccentricity of combination drug treated cells than either drug alone. These results further support the confocal and AFM study. Scanning electron microscopic study of AEE788 and/or Celecoxib treated HCT 15 has also shown morphological changes and loss of filopodia and lamellipodia. In conclusion, this investigation of morphological and cytoskeletal changes using advanced microscopic techniques present a significant foundation for evaluating anticancer activity of a drug and form a new strategy for evaluating effect of AEE788 and/or Celecoxib on colon cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)247-256
Number of pages10
JournalMicron
Volume41
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2010
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Structural Biology
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Cell Biology

Keywords

  • AEE788
  • Apoptosis
  • Celecoxib
  • Colon cancer
  • Confocal fluorescence
  • Cytoskeleton
  • Metastasis
  • Morphology

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