Effect of Component Flexibility on Axle System Dynamics

Yawen Wang, Xuan Li, Guan Qiao, Teik Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The prediction and control of gear vibration and noise has become very important in the design of a quiet, high-quality gearbox systems. The vibratory energy of the gear pair caused by transmission error excitation is transmitted structurally through shaft-bearing-housing assembly and radiates off from exterior housing surface. Most of the previous studies ignore the contribution of components flexibility to the transmission error (TE) and system dynamic responses. In this study, a system level model of axle system with hypoid gear pair is developed, aiming at investigating the effect of the elasticity of the shafts, bearings and housing on TE as well as the contribution of flexible bearings on the dynamic responses. The load distribution results and gear transmission errors are calculated and compared between different assumptions on the boundary conditions. The modal characteristics and dynamic responses by assuming simply-support bearing and flexible bearing have also been compared. The results reveal that the system responses are sensitive to the system elasticity and shaft-bearing flexibility. The proposed approach yields a more in-depth understanding to the gear vibration propagation for use in the design of quiet driveline systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)400-407
Number of pages8
JournalSAE International Journal of Vehicle Dynamics, Stability, and NVH
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 5 2017
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Automotive Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Control and Optimization


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