Effect of different coding patterns on compressed frequency domain based universal JPEG steganalysis

Bin Li, Fangjun Huang, Shunquan Tan, Jiwu Huang, Yun Q. Shi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations


Current steganalytic schemes for JPEG steganography are in favor of extracting features in DCT (Discrete Cosine Transform) domain and/or spatial domain. A recently proposed compressed frequency domain based universal steganalytic algorithm [21] showed concern over the statistics of Huffman compressed stream. The authors claimed that it was very effective in detecting stego images embedded by JPEG steganographic tools, including JPHide, F5 and OutGuess. Even though only several bytes were embedded, the scheme was still able to work, thus demonstrating astonishing steganalysis capability. By carefully controlled studies on the factors which may have impact on the new steganalytic method, we find out the truly cause of the powerfulness of this "payload-independent" steganalyzer. Experimental results reveal that different coding patterns used in cover and stego images, rather than the Avalanche Criterion [24] explained by its authors, have led to great detection efficiency. When the same coding pattern is employed in both cover and stego images, the performance of the newly devised steganalyzer has greatly dropped. Implication from this paper is that we should ensure the difference between the cover and stego images is only caused by data embedding itself in steganography and steganalysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationDigital Watermarking - 6th International Workshop, IWDW 2007, Proceedings
Number of pages15
StatePublished - 2008
Event6th International Workshop on Digital Watermarking, IWDW 2007 - Guangzhou, China
Duration: Dec 3 2007Dec 5 2007

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume5041 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Other6th International Workshop on Digital Watermarking, IWDW 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • General Computer Science


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