Effect of Shaft Misalignment on Hypoid Gear Pair Driven Through a Universal Joint

Zhenghong Shi, Teik Chin Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


An enhanced hypoid geared rotor system model incorporating a universal joint that connects driveline propeller shaft and pinion shaft is introduced in this study. The effect of shaft misalignment and pinion mass unbalance on hypoid gear dynamic response is evaluated under different assembly conditions. A nonlinear 14-DOF lumped parameter model based on coupled multi-body dynamics is applied by considering large rotational displacement in torsional direction. Results demonstrate three main influences from shaft misalignment and mass unbalance including speed and torque fluctuation as well as external bending moment on pinion shaft. It is also observed that bending moment generated can exert additional load on pinion shaft bearings which is found to be more sensitive to misalignment angle compared to dynamic response along line-of-action. Besides, shaft misalignment and mass unbalance excitation will interact with gear internal excitation from transmission error (TE) which can affect mesh parameters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)371-383
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Automotive Technology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Automotive Engineering


  • Gear dynamics
  • Hypoid gear
  • Mass unbalance
  • Shaft misalignment


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