Effect of single atom Platinum (Pt) doping and facet dependent on the electronic structure and light absorption of Lanthanum Titanium Oxide (La2Ti2O7): A Density Functional Theory study

Qingquan Ma, Wen Zhang, Joshua Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Charge generation and separation are two key processes for semiconductor photocatalysis. Here, we use Pt as a single atom catalyst to systematically examine the facet-dependent electronic band structure and light absorption of the layered perovskite-type wide-gap semiconductor, lanthanum titanium oxide (La2Ti2O7, LTO) by means of density functional theory simulations. It is found that single Pt atom doping of different LTO surfaces (here, (100), (101) and (001)) can not only create states in the bandgap that would promote the formation of recombination centers, but also shift the optical absorption edge to the visible region. Interestingly, the Pt doping forms a heterojunction, with the valence band maximum consisting of Pt states and the conduction band minimum consisting of LTO states, respectively. To study the facet dependent surface activity, acetic acid (CH3COOH) was used as a model molecule to investigate the adsorption and charge transfer on the (101), (100) and (001) Pt-LTO surface facets. The results show that the (101) facet could enable stronger adsorption of CH3COOH by promoting more electron transfer during the interfacial interaction. Our theoretical findings aim to promote the design and optimization of the single atom catalysts (SACs) for photocatalytic applications and other broad catalysis systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number121949
JournalSurface Science
Volume715
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

Keywords

  • Bader analysis
  • DFT
  • Facet dependent
  • LTO
  • Photocatalytic
  • Pt
  • Single atom catalysis (SAC)

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