Effect of the rate of deformation on the crystallization behavior of polymers

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Abstract

Deformation has a significant influence on the crystallization process in a number of polymers. In this paper, the response of a recently developed model for crystallizing polymers is investigated when subject to uni-, bi-axial and constant width extensions for a range of strain rates. Both the loading and unloading behavior are examined for these deformations. The particular model studied here was developed to capture the effect of strain induced crystallization in polymers and has been applied to model crystallization in polyethylene terephthalate at temperatures just above its glass transition temperature. The model has been formulated using the notion of multiple natural configurations within a full thermodynamic framework. The connection between micro-structural changes taking place in the polymer and the form of the model are elucidated. The interplay between the relaxation processes, the rate of deformation and their combined effect on crystallization is illustrated. The results show an earlier onset of crystallization for high strain rates due to stretching of the polymer network. At low strain rates however, crystallization is not observed as the polymer network is able to relax during the deformation. A sharp upturn in the stress is observed after the onset of crystallization due to the formation of a rigid crystalline phase. The unloading curves clearly show a hysteric behavior with the amount of dissipation increasing for increasing values of strain rate. These results compare favorably with experimental observations available in literature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)663-676
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Non-Linear Mechanics
Volume38
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics

Keywords

  • Crystallization
  • Films
  • Natural configurations
  • Polyethylene Terephthalate
  • Polymer
  • Strain induced
  • Viscoelastic

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